Monterey County is a county that is located off the Monterey Bay and on the Pacific coast of the state of California, in the south western region of the United States. In fact, Monterey County was named after the beautiful Monterey Bay. The county was incorporated to the state of California in the month of February, year 1850.
- County seat : Salinas
- Largest city: Salinas
- Area : A total of 3,771 square miles (9,770 km2), out of which 13% is water.
- Highest elevation: 5,865 ft (1,788 m)
- Population: An estimate of 433,898 people
- Time zone: Pacific Time Zone (UTC-8)
- Area codes: 805 and 831
The largest city in the county of Monterey is Salinas and it borders with the Monterey Bay. However, the other half of the Monterey Bay (more specifically, the northern half) belongs to the bordering county of Santa Cruz. Monterey County is associated to the Association of Monterey Bay Area Governments. Due to its location, accessibility, the fact that the world known cities of Monterey and Carmel-by-the-Sea are located here, the beauty of the coastline and the proximity to the Monterey Peninsula, the county has gained a lot of popularity both domestically and internationally.
During the periods under which California was controlled either by the Spanish crown or by the Mexican Viceroyalty, the capital of California was Monterey, where the city of the same name is located today. As it might be expected, Monterey county’s economy depends largely on tourism in the areas near the coast, while, in the areas near the Salinas River valley, it is mostly agriculture. Farther inland, the mountainous regions are nearly uninhabited by humans and so are the southern coastal areas of the county. These can make great places for an escapade and a peaceful encounter with nature or a camping weekend.